F's Seminar 2021

  • Reona FUKUHARA  (M1)

  • Tomoki YOKOYAMA(M1)


  • Akira KITAGAWA (B4)

  • Sumire KIKUCHI (B4)

  • Ayaka SAKAKIBARA (B4)

  • Atila NASIER (B4)

  • Hitomi SUZUKI(B3)

  • Kakeru KIKUCHI (B3)

  • Ren ARAI (B3)

2019-09-25 16.35.05.jpg
  • Hiroshige FUJII


In 2021, “World’s 50 most delicious foods ranking” has been announced by CNN, an American broadcast station. CNN's Facebook vote elected these, and the number of votes was a whopping 35,000. The result was as follows. (Only top 10 in the article)

No.1 Rendang (Indonesia)

No.2 Nasi Goreng (Indonesia)

No.3 Sushi (Japan)

No.4 Tom Yum Kung (Thailand)

No.5 Pad Thai (Thailand)

No.6 Som Tam (Thailand)

No.7 Dim sum (Hong Kong)

No.8 Ramen (Japan)

No.9 Peking duck (China)

No.10 Massaman curry (Thailand)

Surprisingly, Asian food has been elected from No.1 to No.10. While Westerners have many votes because an American broadcast station sponsored it, the result is quite interesting, right? It showed Asian foods are popular around the world. In the ranking, especially, I paid attention “No.1 Rendang (Indonesia)”. I expected that No.1 is Sushi before seeing this ranking. However, unknown food appeared at the top of the ranking. So then, what kind of food is Rendang which won Sushi, the world’s popular food?

Rendang <https://r.gnavi.co.jp/g-interview/entry/salam/2435>

Rendang is one of the Indonesian meat dishes stewed with spices and coconut milk for a long time. Pepper, galangal, lemongrass, shallot, garlic, ginger, turmeric, etc., are used as spices. The taste is curry. Also, beef is often used, but it is sometimes replaced with the liver of a cow, lung of cow, buffalo, goat, chicken, mutton, etc. Importantly, Pork is not used in the food because many Indonesian are Muslim. In addition, Rendang can be stored refrigerated or frozen for a long time. This is Rendang, called the most delicious food in the world.

After seeing the ranking, I thought that “I want to try it”, researching the way to eat Rendang in Japan. As a result, I found that it is sold at the MUJI, one of Japan's popular shops. Immediately, I bought and tried it. Its brown appearance was not luxurious like Sushi. However, the taste was different from the visual. The beef was extremely soft, and the moment I chewed it, various spice tastes were expanding in my mouth because it was stewed with delicious spices for a long time. Thus, I understood why Japanese proud food Sushi lost to Rendang when I tried it the first time.

These days, I have been cooking Asian food, so I decided to research how to cook Rendang. Hmm... I must buy many spices, but it is easy to make, so I would like to try cooking Rendang during summer vacation. If you like it, why don't you try the most delicious food in the world, “Rendang”?

Rendang sold by MUJI <Taken by the writer>

最終更新: 7月8日

B3 Hitomi SUZUKI

This year, I participated in the 13th Nelson Mandela World Human Rights Moot Court Competition during the spring vacation.

  Firstly, I’ll introduce the competition. The competition has started in 2009 year, giving all master or undergraduate students in the world joining qualification and selecting the 50 teams which can go to the preliminary oral round. Until 2019’s competition, a preliminary oral round was held at the UN headquarters in Geneve; however, it may be held online due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Participants make the team of two students and the memorials of both of Applicant and Respondent.

  I and my senior person, named Reona Fukuhara, started preparing for this competition since the hypothetical human rights case had been opened. There are three arguments of Applicant in this hypothetical case, Count1 is about recalling 43 members of Diet, Count2 is about deleting tweets and stopping Twitter’s account, and Count3 is about lockdown measures made by the government. The Applicant is Papa Tommy Tomato, politician and leader of Tomato Faith Ministers. He recalled 43 members of Diet argue that the government of Rhakatah violates human rights relating to Count 1 to 3.

  Human rights are diverse, so issues are not only one. For example, our argument about Count2 states freedom of expression, status and huge effect of a politician, illegality of emoji, Fake News, and disinformation.

  It is my first moot court experience. It was so hard, but I could learn various aspects of violating human rights and protecting them. Particularly about Count2 and 3, they are ongoing topics, so although on the international law level, arguments relating to them continue. Because of it, we felt difficult to find law, restriction but it was interesting. In addition, characters and states in the hypothetical case are so realistic that they could image similar persons or states. Therefore, we can think about this hypothetical case, which happens in the actual world.

  Unfortunately, we could not go to the Preliminary oral rounds. However, thanks to Prof. Fujii, we will be able to get an opportunity of oral moot court competition at Utsunomiya University. In September this year, we will hold the Nelson Mandela Moot Court Competition Utsunomiya ver. Members of Fujii’s seminar were divided into Applicant or Respondent, and these teams were made from three members. I take charge of Count2 of Respondent. It was regretful not to go to Geneve. Still, I would like to use this excellent experience for the next International Humanitarian Law(IHL) moot court.

最終更新: 7月8日


From 21 to 25 June, I participated in Advanced Human rights courses on Children’s Rights in Africa, organized by the Center for Human Rights, University of Pretoria. This course aimed to provide participants with theoretical and practical knowledge in children’s rights and improve their skills for promoting and monitoring the implementation of children's rights. More than 80 people from different countries with different work experiences (i.e., lawyers, practitioners, and academia) participated in this course. One of the reasons I participated in this course is to find the challenges for achieving the children's best interests and how we can deal with them. I believe this opportunity provides me with some tips to solve my questions. In this report, I would like to share some topics that were so enlightening and eye-opening; Conflict between international standards and customary (local) law and youth participation in South Africa.

The Conflict between international standards and customary (local) law

On the third day, Ms. Karabo, Director of the Center for Child Law, in the Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, gave a talk titled “Enforcement of children’s rights: Justiciability of children’s rights & access to justice in national courts”. In this session, she shared some case laws to show the contested points on the difference between international and local law in South Africa. For instance, in the case of Jezile, the appellant justified an abduction of a girl based on a customary law practice to obtain a wife (the practice of ukuthwala). Despite that the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACRWC) prohibited child marriage under the age of 18, the court had to consider the legality of the practice based on the domestic constitution, which provided that “the courts must apply customary law when that law is applicable, subject to the Constitution and any legislation that specifically deals with customary law.” After considering the nature of the offenses, the appellant’s circumstances, and the interests of society, the court accepted that “the appellant’s moral blameworthiness was mitigated by the belief which he held concerning traditional practices, and accepted that in his mind the appellant had not foreseen the catastrophic consequences to the complainant when he set in motion the course of events [para.103].” This case was interesting because it shows the sensitive relationship between the international or national legal standards and local daily practices. Even if the court was considered an independent legal instrument, it does not mean ignoring the local practice in Africa.

Youth participation in South Africa

On the last day, I had an opportunity to hear the voice of children belonging to the Western Cape Children’s Commissioner. Around 17 years old, students gave a powerful speech. They introduced their activities, which were monitoring the government, taking part in the meeting of the parliament, and holding a workshop for the same generations. I was so motivated by the fact that they were not so much affected negatively by COVID-19. Instead, they can easily have time to discuss their projects online, and many people supported their projects through cloud-founding. I believe that their activities give me hints when I hold a children’s rights workshop in Japan.

In conclusion, I understood the big picture of children’s rights and a detail of its implementation in Africa. On the last day, Professor Maria, senior researcher of the Children’s Rights Project, stressed that “When we consider the children's best interests, it is not one size fits all thing … practitioners must think about how we can translate the paper into action. Harmonizing with the international regime and domestic implementation is one point.” Through this experience, I realized that there is no evident answer to the children's best interest and should consider on a case-by-case basis. This course provided me with comprehensive knowledge as well as the opportunity to hear precious stories from participants. By making use of this knowledge and the network, I would like to keep myself open to the issue of the children’s rights. Lastly, I would like to express my gratitude to the organizers who allow me to participate in this course and give such wonderful lectures.